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Homogenization – vital process performed by homogenizing machine

December 29, 2015

homogenizing machine

The process of homogenization requires the handling of fluid materials at high pressure, whether the setting is in a lab or full-scale industrial operation. It is a mechanical fluid procedure that reduces the size of a particle droplet into micron levels in order to come up with a stable emulsion or dispersion intended for further processing.

Without a doubt, homogenization is an essential mixing system in its own right. The technology is about the incorporation of disciplines on machine design, quality and strength of ingredients, and significant fluid-based mechanical engineering knowledge and competency. And because of the high significance of this mixing process, the latest homogenizing machine models were developed to become more advanced and efficient – to the advantage of manufacturers and producers.

A vital process in food processing

Homogenization is an indispensable process when it comes to the treatment of certain dairy and food products. These foods are able to attain stability in quality and have longer shelf life once they are subjected to such a process. Because of homogenization, they acquire better taste and appearance. Homogenized foods are known to become easier to digest. Once foods are processed, they require less additives and preservatives on them. In other words, homogenized foods are more natural and organic; which should be, especially in the case of dairy products and baby food.

How the process is achieved

Homogenization is done is a specially designed valve with tiny gaps, onto which fluids will be made to pass through. As the material goes through such small openings, this creates shearing and high turbulence together with other events such as compression, impact, pressure drop, and acceleration. All this causes the disintegration of small particles as well as total dispersion throughout the material.

After the process is done, particles are reduced to a similarly small size, which is between 0.2 and 2 microns. The resulting size depends on the quality of pressure. Indeed, reduction of the size of particle droplets is an expected result once a material is processed by a homogenizer.

The rest of material’s properties and features will vary, depending on the pressured exerted on it, as well as the type of material being processed. Generally, if the homogenizing equipment exerts higher pressure, this will produce tinier particle droplets, even down to the level of microns.

Homogenization in milk products

Manufacturers and inventors continuously work to be able to come up with a more efficient homogenizer that allows easier processing of milk products. Better models are now able to homogenize milk products while the process is being done in a low pressure environment. This can be achieved via the use of better and more efficient machine valve design that’s intended to provide lower pressure and higher flow rate.

Undoubtedly, homogenizing machine is the best tool to use whenever there’s a need to transform fluid materials into tiny particle droplets. It disperses them uniformly all over the rest of the liquid. Indeed, particle size reduction and dispersion are two of the most vital effects of this process.

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