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Cosmetics & Toiletries

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Lotion Making

April 12, 2013

Lotion is used for a variety of purposes such as cleansing and moisturizing. The ingredients of the lotion will be different according to the desired use, however to some extent the basic lotion manufacturing process is the same.

The Process of Lotion Making

Lotions can be either an oil-in-water or water-in-oil emulsion consisting of emollients and lubricants dispersed in an oil phase, and a water phase containing emulsifying and thickening agents, perfume, color and preservatives. Active ingredients are dispersed in either phase depending on the raw materials and the desired properties of the end product. A typical lotion manufacturing process would be as follows:

• Flake/powder ingredients, such as cetyl alcohol and stearic acid, sometimes dry blended in advance, are dispersed into the oil phase. Heating may be required to melt some of the ingredients.

• Active ingredients are dispersed in the appropriate phase.

• The water phase, containing emulsifiers and stabilizers such as Veegum or Carbopol, is prepared separately.

• The two phases are then mixed to form an emulsion. This is aided by heating to between 45~85°C depending on the formulation and viscosity.

• Mixing is continued until the lotion is homogeneous.

The Problems of Traditional Lotion Mixer

Using conventional lotion making machine a number of problems can be encountered:

Hydration of thickening and suspending agents is one of the most difficult of all mixing operations. Agglomerates can easily form and some ingredients require shear in order to develop their desired properties.

• When adding powdered ingredients to the mixing vessel, partially hydrated materials can build up on the vessel wall and parts of the agitator.

• Agitators cannot easily form stable emulsions even when the oil and water phases have been heated.

• Long process times and additional lotion manufacturing equipment are often required to achieve a homogeneous mix.

The Solution of Lotion Manufacturing

Intermediate stages of lotion production process can be eliminated, product quality improved and processing times dramatically reduced by using a Ginhong high shear mixer.

The manufacturing vessel is charged with the “continuous” phase. The lotion mixer is started, and the solid/powdered ingredients are then added. The powerful suction created by the high speed rotation of the rotor blades draws both liquid and solid ingredients into the work head where they are rapidly mixed.

The solids are broken down in the precision machined rotor stator homogenizer work head. The micronized powders and other ingredients are fully dispersed into the liquid before being forced out through the stator and circulated into the body of the mixing vessel. At the same time fresh material is drawn into the work head.

Once the powdered ingredients have been fully dispersed in the “continuous” liquid phase, the “dispersed” phase can be added to form the emulsion. The high shear mixing action of the rotor stator work head ensures that the lotion is uniform and stable.

The Advantages of Ginhong Lotion Making Equipment

• Consistent lotion quality and repeatability

• Agglomerate free mix

• Stable emulsion

• Rapid mixing time

• Maximized yield of raw materials as thickening agents are fully hydrated and other ingredients fully dispersed.

Recommended Lotion Making Machinery

 RX Vacuum Homogenizer Mixer

 RS Vacuum Emulsifying Mixer

 RB Vacuum Emulsifier Mixer

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