In a shampoo manufacturing process, the essential materials and ingredient should be of superior quality; otherwise, the resulting shampoo will be an inferior one. Not only will it hardly clean the hair, but the use of the product may even damage it. Hence, manufacturers assure the quality of the ingredients that they use for their shampoo.
The process is headed by a team of lab chemists who will determine the basic characteristics of their shampoo formula. They will create the physical features of the shampoo, such as its color, thickness and consistency, and scent.
They also determine the formula based on the kind of performance that they want it to deliver; like how effective it can clean the hair, and how long the cleanliness and shine of the hair will last. Consumer testing is a factor that determines other vital characteristics of the shampoo.
Created in chemical lab
All quality shampoos that are made for mass distribution are created in chemical labs. In the personal skin and hair care industry, all cosmetics, body, and hair care items are classified and checked by Cosmetic, Toiletries, and Fragrance Association. Since there is a regulatory body that monitors such process, manufacturers perform it in a professional and scientific manner.
Essential components of shampoo
A major ingredient in shampoo is water. It typically makes up almost 80% of the whole formula. Deionized water, and not the ordinary tap type, is utilized in the making of shampoos. Top sources of this type of water are wells, rivers, and lakes.
Since a number of shampoo brands are made of organic compounds, there are possibilities that they become contaminated by substances such as bacteria and microbes. Thus, special preservatives are included in the making of a shampoo to hinder such growth. The most common ones used in shampoos are methyl paraben and hydantoin.
Also called surfactants, detergents are the cleansing agents of shampoos. The specific surfactants used in shampoos are surface active types; it means that they interact with the surface. A surfactant allows the shampoo to trap and capture oily substances from surfaces.
Thickening agents used in shampoo manufacturing process are called alkano lamides. These are ingredients that cause the shampoo to create foams. Alkano lamides likewise cause the shampoo to have thicker consistency. Other known thickening agents are methyl cellulose, which are abundant in natural plant cellulose; as well as sodium chloride, which are effective in enhancing shampoo thickness.
5. Special additives
Scent oils and color dyes are special additives that further improve the appearance of hair. Natural and organic materials like botanical extracts, protein, natural oils, and hair vitamins are all additives that help the shampoo to perform more effectively as far as cleaning and nourishing the hair is concerned.
A number of substances are included in formulas of shampoos in order to change certain qualities. Materials that work as a sequestering agent are included in the formulation to take away the dulling effect of mineralized or hard water. Components like acids and bases are additives that aid in the necessary modification of the shampoo’s PH level.